Design Features & Benefits
- Patented bi-directional soft seat is recessed inside the seat cavity and acts as a gasket in the anchoring groove area. The seat cavity is sealed from exposure to the process fluid and protects the seat from abrasion and wear.
- Self-energized seal — elastomeric o-ring imparts mechanical preload between disc and seat tongue, helping to insure a bubble tight seal.
- Pressure-energized seal - seat and cavity design permits the seat to move axially to the downstream sidewall, directing the movement towards the disc: the higher the line pressure, the tighter the seal between the disc and seat.
Unique Valve Seat Design
CNI Flowseal is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of high performance butterfly valves. Thanks to many years of research, development, and field experience, the Flowseal design delivers superior performance and versatility relative to valves that do not incorporate functionally comparable design features.
The use of a patented seat enables CNI Flowseal soft seat valves to offer a bi-directional bubble tight shutoff (zero leakage) as measured under applicable standards. This unique seat design creates a self-energized seal in vacuum-to-low pressure applications.
Under higher pressure conditions, the seat is also designed to permit, confine, and direct movement of the soft seat against the disc edge, up to the full ASME Class 150, 300 and 600 Cold Working Pressures.
The soft seat is designed for high services with minimal wear and low torque. Seat replacement is a simple operation, requiring no special tools.
Principle of Seat Sealing • Soft Seat
In Figure 1, the disc and seat are not engaged. In this position, the shoulders of the seat are forced against the cavity shoulders by the compression of the o-ring.
The seat is recessed inside the seat cavity and acts as a gasket in the anchoring groove area. The seat cavity is sealed from exposure to the process fluid and protects the seat from abrasion and wear. The o-ring, which is completely encapsulated by the seat, is also isolated from exposure to the process fluid.
DISC CLOSED, Self-Energized Seal
In Figure 2, the CNI Flowseal disc and seat are engaged, and the process fluid is under low pressure. The edge of the disc, with a larger diameter than the seat tongue, directs movement of the seat radially outward, causing the seat to compress against the convergent sidewalls of the cavity. The elastomeric o-ring imparts a mechanical pre-load between the disc and seat tongue as it is compressed and flattened by the disc; this is the self-energized mode for sealing at vacuum to 60 psig.
As the seat moves radially outward, the seat shoulders move away from the cavity shoulders and open the cavity to the process media.
DISC CLOSED, Pressure-Energized Seal (Seat Upstream)
As line pressure increases, the process fluid enters the sidewall area and applies a load against the parallel-spaced sidewall and convergent sidewall of the seat. The seat and cavity design permits the seat to move axially to the downstream sidewall, but confines the movement and directs the movement radially inward towards the disc; the higher the line pressure, the tighter the seal between the disc and seat. Because the o-ring is elastic, it is able to flex and deform under loads and return to original shape after removal of the load; it is the rubber which deforms, not the thermoplastic material.
This dynamic patented seal, is totally unique among high performance butterfly valves.
DISC CLOSED, Pressure-Energized Seal (Seat Downstream)
The CNI Flowseal valve is bi-directional (in some instances, modifications may be required to operate this arrangement for dead end service). The cavity and seat sidewalls are symmetrically designed to permit, confine, and direct movement of the seat to the disc to dynamically seal with line pressure in the reverse direction. The disc edge is the segment of a sphere, and the seat is angled towards the disc edge to seal with pipeline pressure in either direction.
Recommended installation direction is “SUS” (seat upstream), as in Figure 3.